Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (also known as Sasan Gir) is a forest and Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat, India. Founded in 1965, whose total area is 1,412 km (about 258 km fully protected area (National Park) and 1153 km Sanctuary, the park is located 65 km south east of Junagadh. Home is the only pure Asiatic Lions (Panthera leo persica), and is considered one of the most important protected areas in Asia, as maintained by a species. Gir ecosystem, its diverse flora and fauna have been protected by the efforts of the forestry department of government, environmental activists and NGOs. Gir Forest area and the lions had been informed of the "protected" in early 1900, the then Nawab of the princely state and Junagadh. This initiative will contribute to the conservation of the lions whose population had fallen to only 15 through slaughter for trophy hunting.
April 2010 and the census recorded the lion, Gir is the number 411, an increase of 1952 compared to 2005. Leo farmed, which covers the park and its surroundings grew by about 180 lions in captivity from the beginning.
Besides the two seasons of summer and winter, Gir has tropical monsoon one. It can get very hot in summer, with temperatures reaching 43 ° C twelve o'clock or 109 ° F and humid during the monsoon in June In winter the temperature drops to about 10 ° C or 50 ° F. The monsoon normally starts from mid-June and lasts until September, with annual rainfall between 600 mm and 1000 mm. But due to irregular monsoon and uneven distribution of precipitation on the peninsula, is from years of widespread drought.